Each county in Georgia has elected government officials known as "constitutional officers" since they are enumerated by office in the state constitution.
Georgia’s Constitution names four such officers: Clerk of the Superior Court, Judge of the Probate Court, Sheriff, and Tax Commissioner.
Each Constitutional officer is elected by the qualified voters of their respective counties for terms of four years and has such qualifications, powers, and duties as provided by general law.
The Georgia Constitution identifies the “constitutional officers” in Article 9, Section 1, Paragraph III as follows:
“(a) The clerk of the superior court, judge of the probate court, sheriff, tax
receiver, tax collector, and tax commissioner, where such office has
replaced the tax receiver and tax collector, shall be elected by the
qualified voters of their respective counties for terms of four years and
shall have such qualifications, powers, and duties as provided by general law.
(b) County officers listed in subparagraph (a) of this Paragraph may be on
a fee basis, salary basis, or fee basis supplemented by salary, in such
manner as may be directed by law. Minimum compensation for said
county officers may be established by the General Assembly by general
law. Such minimum compensation may be supplemented by local law or,
if such authority is delegated by local law, by action of the county
(c) The General Assembly may consolidate the offices of tax receiver and
tax collector into the office of tax commissioner.”
The duties of the "constitutional officers" are defined in Georgia Code. The codes for Georgia are created, amended or deleted by the General Assembly of Georgia each year during the Legislative Session. The General Assembly also sets the base salary of the "constitutional officers".
The duties that an office carries out in each county vary. Some may have additional duties which have been requested by the local governing authority.
To learn more about the duties of each office, click the button for the office below: